Kerala is a
state rich for its colorful art forms. Guruvayur is the place
which is also well known for its temple arts. Kathakali,
Ottanthullal, Chakyarkoothu, Krishnanaattam etc. are the most
famous temple arts. Krishnanaattam,
which is the most important art form of the temple, is performed in the
temple as an offering. This artform deals with the stories of Lord
Krishna. Kathakali, which is a world famous dancedrama, depicts almost
all stories of the Puranas. Ottanthullal and Chakyarkoothu are artforms
in which social sarcasm is used.
Prince Manavedan was a great
devotee of Guruvayurappa, greatly inspired by the Geet Govinda of 12th
century Bengali poet Jayadeva, the Narayaniyam and Bhagavata, he wrote a
series of 8 dramas - the Krishna Geeti, representing the important
incidents in the life of Lord Krishna. This he converted into a dance
drama - the Krishnanattam in 1654. It is rendered in abhinaya (drama
gestures) ,it is the only classical dance in Kerala making use of colorful
masks derived from folk rituals like Tirayattam and Theyyam. And, in
Krishnanattam arose that special technique of presentation that came to be
the characteristic expressional feature of the future Kathakali. The words
are sung by Musicians positioned behind the actors. ords. The instruments
are "sudha Madhalam", "Edakka","symbals", Gong and conch. It is presented
in 8 episodes. In Guruvayur it is performed on all days except Tuesday
after the Sree kovil closes.
Devotees can offer this as
a vazhipadu or offering on a payment of the prescribed amount. Each days
performance believably yields a particular benefit to those making the
Avathara is offered for the birth of a child.
offset the effect of poison .
Rasakreeda for the well being of unmarried
grab and boy.
Kamsavadha to eliminate enemies.
Swayamvara to speed up
Banayudha auspicious on birthdays to accomplish cherished
Vividha vodha to eliminate poverty and increase yield from farms.
Swargarohana for the peace of departed souls. Devotees can offer these
episodes individually or in a series. Swargarohana must, however be
followed by avatara on the following day, as the former by itself is